Pierre de Lancre (1553-1631), an educated French magistrate and influential demonologist, argued that smoking tobacco directly linked accused witches in Europe with the “diabolical” Indians in the Old World. For Lancre and several other witch hunters, tobacco was seen as inversion of the Christian sacrament.
European traders introduced tobacco to Asia and India by the mid-seventeenth century. In these countries, tobacco was often mixed with other leaves and spices and then smoked through a water pipe known as a hookah. The smoke was cooled, giving considerable relief in the hot climate.
Sugar and cocoa are often added to cigarettes, a fact many diabetic smokers are unaware of.
According to an ancient Huron Indian myth, a woman was sent by the Great Spirit to save humanity from starvation. Potatoes grew where her right hand touched, and corn grew under her left hand. After she made the Earth fertile, she rested, and tobacco grew where she rested.
The Chongzhen emperor (1627-44) in China warned that “common people who smoked would be punished like traitors,” and in 1634 the Patriarch of Moscow warned that both men and women who smoked would have their nostrils slit or would have the skin whipped off their backs.
Renaissance author Ben Jonson argued that smoking was the "devil’s fart."
Women in the United States increasingly began smoking publicly in the 1920s when the cigarette was adopted by advertisers as a symbol of equality, rebellion, and women’s independence.k Currently, cigarette smoking kills an estimated 178,030 women in the United States annually.