Type 2 diabetes is a condition that causes a person’s blood sugar levels to become too high. If it’s left untreated, long-term problems with the eyes, kidneys, feet and nerves can occur. A healthy diet can help manage blood sugar, but it’s important to note there’s nothing you can’t eat if you have the condition. Sugar, fat and salt should be limited, but it’s important to eat a wide range of foods, including fruit, vegetables, and some starchy foods like pasta.
Specific food and drinks have also been found to have high blood sugar lowering properties - one in particular being kale juice.
A small-scale study showed kale juice could help regulate blood sugar levels.
As part of the findings, participants achieved this result by drinking 300ml of kale juice per day for six weeks.
But kale doesn’t necessarily have to be enjoyed in juice form.
Kale in its natural form can still benefit a person’s blood sugar levels.
Like all green leafy vegetables, kale is packed full of essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients that have minimal negative impact on blood sugar levels.
Some researchers say eating green leafy vegetables can help people with diabetes due to their high antioxidant content.
Other green leafy vegetables you can consider include:
- Bok choy
Another food found to have blood sugar lowering qualities is walnuts.
The nutty snack is hailed for its healthy fatty acids content and keeping the heart healthy.
People with diabetes may have a higher risk of heart disease or stroke, so it’s important they get fatty acids, like those found in walnuts, through diet.
A study from 2018 suggested eating walnuts is linked with a lower incidence of diabetes.
One of the most prominent characteristics of nuts for people with diabetes is their effect on cholesterol levels, according to Diabetes.co.uk.
It explains: “Avoiding high cholesterol levels is essential for people with diabetes, because exposure to high blood glucose levels increases the risk of the arteries narrowing.
“Almonds, peanuts, and pistachios all reduce "bad" cholesterol very effectively. "Bad" cholesterol refers to small, dense particles of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), too much of which can clog the arteries.
“Almonds, walnuts, pistachios, pecans, and hazelnuts reduce "bad" cholesterol by increasing levels of high-density-lipoprotein (HDL), or 'good' cholesterol. HDL clears out 'bad' cholesterol, thus reducing the risk of heart disease.”