In India multi-party system is a system in which small regional parties are much powerful. National parties are those who are recognized in four or more states. They are given this right by the Election Commission of India, who reviews from time to time the election results in different states. With the help of this recognition, political parties can claim specific ownership on certain identities until the next review of their status, such as party symbols. According to October 2004 national parties are given below.
According to the Constitution of India, there is a federal system in India in which the Central Government in New Delhi and the State Government for various states and Union Territories. That is why, national and state (regional) political parties in India are classified according to their influence in their area.
Below is a list of recognized political parties in India and know their history:
There are currently two main national political parties in India, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the National Congress
Indian national congress
Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885 by A.O. Humes in Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College of Bombay. Hume was the first general secretary of the party, while the first president of the party, Vomesh Chandra Banerjee, was elected. In the early days of the party, its members were primarily from Bombay and Madras Presidency. So the Congress was a patrician organization, while Balgangadhar Tilak drew everyone's attention towards Swaraj ideology. In the year 1907, the Congress split into a warm and soft party.
Nehru died on May 27, 1964, while serving as the Prime Minister. After that Lal Bahadur Shastri, who gave the slogan of 'Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan', was appointed the Prime Minister. Lal Bahadur Shastri died in January 1966 in Tashkent. In 1967 general elections were held.
Indian National Congress is India's largest political party. The current President of this party is Mrs. Sonia Gandhi. The youth organization of the Congress Party, is the Indian Youth Congress.
Bharatiya Janata Party
Talking about the foundation of the Bharatiya Janata Party, it was established in 1951 by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee and it was known as 'Bhartiya Jan Sangh' at that time. After the emergency in 1977, the Bharatiya Janata Party, along with some other parties, formed itself as a 'Janata Party' in politics and after that in 1980, the name of the party was changed to "Bharatiya Janata Party", ie today's BJP. You know about RSS which is a Hindu organization, you should also know that the Bharatiya Janata Party is also the main political unit of the same RSS. Because of this, the Bharatiya Janata Party is being accused of being a communal party, that it wants to work towards keeping its Hindutva agenda in mainstream.
Apart from these national parties there are some other national parties which are lower
Marxist Communist Party
Communist Party of India
Bahujan samaj party
Nationalist Congress Party
Trinamool Congress Party
Apart from the national parties, there are some regional parties such as the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh, J & K in Karnataka and many other regional parties in Punjab and there are different parties of each state.